– Different Types of Hospitals

Different types of hospitals

This article briefly describes what we mean by the term hospitals; classify them according to their funding and according to the services they offer. Understand the different departments of hospitals and be familiar with the different types of hospitals, including general medical and surgical hospitals, specialty hospitals, teaching hospitals, clinics, psychiatric hospitals, family planning clinics and medical clinics. abortion, hospices and hospices, emergency and other ambulatory care centers, sleep disorder clinics, etc.

What is a hospital?

Hospitals were originally “reception places” and it is a health care facility providing patient care by specialized staff and equipment. In cities and towns around the world, hospitals are a key part of any health care delivery system. Hospitals respond to health care challenges in their communities, providing disease prevention and cure, through well-staffed professional doctors, surgeons and nurses.

What are the different departments of a hospital?

Hospitals provide a variety of services and therefore have departments, also known as “wards”. Each is generally headed by a chief medical officer and may be supported by more specialized units such as:

  • emergency department
  • Cardiology service
  • intensive care unit
  • Pediatric Intensive Care Unit
  • Neonatal Intensive Care Unit
  • Cardiovascular Intensive Care Unit
  • Neurology
  • Oncology
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology
  • Ambulatory services
  • Behavioral health services
  • Dentistry
  • Dermatology
  • Psychiatric department
  • Rehabilitation services
  • physical therapy
  • Dispensary or pharmacy
  • Pathology
  • Radiology
  • Medical records department
  • Information management
  • clinical engineering
  • Facilities Management

Types of hospitals:

Hospitals are generally funded by the public sector, by health organizations (for profit or not), health insurance companies or charities, including direct donations to charities. Hospitals can fall into one of three categories based on their funding:

  • Public hospitals
  • Non-profit hospitals
  • For-profit hospitals

Hospitals can be categorized by the treatment they provide (as a guide) or in terms of the facilities offered by them such as:

  • General medical and surgical hospitals
  • Specialist hospitals
  • University hospitals
  • Clinics
  • Psychiatric hospitals
  • Family planning and abortion clinics
  • Hospices and palliative care centers
  • Emergency and other ambulatory care centers
  • Sleep Disorder Clinics
  • Dental laboratories
  • Blood and organ banks

General medical and surgical hospitals:

The best-known type of hospital is the general hospital, which is designed to treat many types of illnesses and injuries, and normally has an emergency department to deal with immediate and urgent health threats.

Specialized hospitals:

Specialty hospitals provide care for a specific specialty and tailor their care and facilities to the type of condition, patient, or chosen procedure they focus on. Types of specialty hospitals include trauma centers, rehabilitation hospitals, children’s hospitals, hospitals for the elderly (geriatric), and hospitals to treat specific medical needs such as psychiatric problems (see psychiatric hospital), certain categories of diseases such as cardiac, oncological or orthopedic diseases. problems, and so on.

University hospitals:

Some hospitals are affiliated with universities for medical research and the training of medical personnel like doctors and nurses, often referred to as teaching hospitals. A teaching hospital combines patient care with teaching medical students and nurses and is often linked to a medical school, nursing school, or university.


The medical facility smaller than a hospital is usually called a clinic and is often operated by a government agency for health services or a private partnership of physicians (in countries where private practice is permitted). Clinics usually only provide outpatient services.

Psychiatric hospitals:

Psychiatric hospitals, also called psychiatric hospitals, are hospitals that specialize in the treatment of serious mental disorders. This industry includes establishments licensed to provide diagnostic, medical treatment and monitoring services to hospitalized patients suffering from mental illness or addiction. These establishments maintain hospital beds and medical personnel. Establishments that emphasize mental health and addictions counseling rather than medical treatment are not included in the industry.

Family planning and abortion clinics:

Family planning is the planning of when to have children and the use of birth control and other techniques to implement those plans. This industry includes stand-alone centers whose medical staff are primarily engaged in assisting pregnant women and families in making various decisions regarding family planning. Services are provided on an outpatient basis and include contraception, genetic and prenatal counselling, voluntary sterilization and termination of pregnancy.

Hospices and palliative care centers:

This industry offers programs that provide symptom relief and pain management for patients with life-threatening illnesses. Palliative care applies to companies that provide care (in terms of comfort rather than cure) to patients with life-limiting illnesses or conditions. Non-hospital palliative care is provided to people with serious and complex illnesses, whether or not they are expected to make a full recovery.

Emergency centers and other ambulatory care centers:

This industry includes establishments whose medical personnel are primarily engaged in providing emergency, general or specialized ambulatory care not included in other industries. Centers or clinics of health practitioners with different degrees for use in more than one industry practicing in the same establishment (eg, doctor of medicine and doctor of dentistry) are included in this industry.

Sleep Disorder Clinics:

This industry includes establishments dedicated to the diagnosis and management of outpatients with disorders affecting, disrupting or more generally involving sleep. Common sleep disorders include insomnia, sleep apnea, restless leg syndrome, and sleepwalking. Companies in the sector are often associated with hospitals or medical schools.

Dental laboratories:

Dental laboratories manufacture or customize a variety of products to aid in the delivery of oral health care by a licensed dentist. This industry includes establishments that manufacture custom dentures, crowns, bridges and orthodontic products for individual applications as prescribed by licensed dentists.

Blood and organ banks:

Organ donation is the donation of biological tissues or organs from the human body, from a living or deceased person to a living recipient in need of a transplant. This industry includes businesses that are primarily engaged in the collection, storage, and distribution of blood, blood products, and organs.

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You May Also Like Healthcare Industry Overview | Health Industry History | Health systems – public, private and mixed | Health Industry Sectors | Blood and organ banks | Dental laboratories | Different Types of Hospitals | Emergency and other ambulatory care centers | Family planning and abortion clinics | General medical and surgical hospitals | Hospices and palliative care centers | Elderly care at home | Facilities for the Disabled in Mental Health and Residential Development | Nursing and Residential Care Facilities | Nursing facilities | Psychiatric hospitals | Sleep Disorder Clinics | Specialist hospitals | Teaching or university hospitals | Urgent care centers

Creation date Monday, January 14, 2013 Hits 61884