Written by Super User on . Posted in ERP Domain.
There are a variety of reasons to opt for a modular design, as it gives businesses the ability to implement only what they need and gives them the ability to extend and customize the packaged software to meet the specific needs of the business. organization that implements the software. Some of the main advantages of modular design are highlighted.
What is SAP?
SAP is a leading provider of ERP solutions known as SAP. SAP products focus on enterprise resource planning (ERP). The main product of the company is SAP ERP. The current version is SAP ERP 6.0 and is part of SAP Business Suite. Its old name was R/3. SAP ECC is one of five business applications in SAP Business Suite. The other four applications are:
- Customer Relationship Management (CRM) – helps businesses acquire and retain customers, gain marketing and customer insights
- Product Lifecycle Management (PLM) – helps manufacturers with product information
- Supply Chain Management (SCM) – assists companies in the process of resourcing their manufacturing and service processes
- Supplier Relationship Management (SRM) – enables companies to source from suppliers
SAP R/3 has been organized into distinct functional modules, covering the typical functions in place in an organization. The most used modules were Financials and Controlling (FICO), Human Resources (HR), Materials Management (MM), Sales & Distribution (SD) and Production Planning (PP).
Each module handled specific business tasks on its own, but linked to others where appropriate. For example, an invoice from the sales and distribution invoicing transaction would move to the general ledger, where it would appear in accounts receivable and cost of goods sold. SAP typically focused on best-practice methodologies to drive its software processes, and SAP also produced specialized modules (called SI or industry-specific) tailored to a particular market segment, such as utilities or retail. .
There are a variety of reasons to opt for a modular design, as it gives businesses the ability to implement only what they need and gives them the ability to extend and customize the packaged software to meet the specific needs of the business. organization that implements the software. Some of the main advantages of the modular design are highlighted below:
- Flexibility of implementation and maintenance
- Ability to expand and customize
- Can be implemented as needed. A finance organization can skip the implementation of manufacturing modules.
- Security and segregation of duties by limiting the business processes of a department or business unit to a specific module
- Ease of integration with legacy systems and third-party interfaces.
Complete modules of SAP ERP:
SAP comes with various modules which can be broadly categorized into the application areas specified above. A complete list of SAP modules is available here:
- ABAP/4 programming
- FI (Financial Accounting)
- CO (control)
- EC (corporate control)
- TR (Treasury)
- IM (investment management)
- HR (human resources)
- DD (Sales and Distribution)
- Logistics Information System
- MM (Materials Management)
- PM (Plant Maintenance)
- PP (production planning)
- QM – Quality Management
- BW (Commercial Warehouse)
- Specific IS solutions (Industry Solutions) / SAP for Industries
- CS (Customer Service)
- CA (Cross-Application Components)
- PS (project systems)
- mySAP SEM
- mySAP CRM (customer relationship management)
- mySAP Product Lifecycle Management
- SCM (SAP Supply Chain Management)
- mySAP SRM (supplier relationship management)